What is a blog?
A blog is a type of website maintained by an individual or a class with written entries or embedded items such as graphics or videos. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order.
Blogging can be used for reading and writing, conversations around topics, communicating with a larger audience or sharing examples from learning portfolios. It can be an effective venue for networked learning. Reading and commenting to one another creates a dialogue that requires persuasive writing and critical thinking.
There are many different platforms you can use to set your classroom blog. The most popular options for FREE classroom blogs are:
All of the sites have step-by-step instructions for signing up for a blog. You will need to register with an email address and password and choose a name for your blog. There will be a choice of themes and page layouts but these can be changed anytime. Be mindful of your school’s policy about posting student work/images online or blogs that contain advertisements. Consider having your students sign a “Blogging Agreement” and receive administrator/parent approval first.
The first step is to decide the purpose of the student blog. How will writing, sharing and posting comments to classmates meet the standards or educational objectives of the lesson? Some other questions to answer are:
- What would you like students to understand?
- What kind of authentic task can you design for your students to demonstrate their understanding?
- What supporting activities or tasks need to be completed to help your students construct their understanding?
Once the objective is determined, the next step is to decide whether each student is going to have their own individual blog or are they going to share one class blog with each student as a contributor (recommended for new bloggers).
Once the blog account is set up, you will need to create additional users for each one of your students. Enter a username for each new user. Remember that the username is visible on the blog when posting or commenting. Consider only using first names to protect your student’s privacy. Understand that many of the blog websites require an email address* and password.
(*Hint: Create a teacher email account using Gmail. If the teacher account is firstname.lastname@example.org, all you have to do is add a “+studentname” before the @ symbol to make a linked account. Therefore mail sent to email@example.com will go straight to firstname.lastname@example.org and students will not need their own email accounts).
With Edublogs and WordPress you can have different roles assigned to individual users.
- Administrator – has access to all the administration features – usually the teacher.
- Editor – can publish posts, as well as manage other people’s posts.
- Author – can publish and manage their own posts.
- Contributor – can write and manage their posts but not publish posts.
- Subscriber – can read comments and receive newsletters.
Consider assigning younger students as Contributors so Editors or Administrators can preview and approve the posts before publishing to the general public.
With all of these blogging platforms you can restrict your blog to only readers you choose if you need additional privacy. However, these readers will need to log in before reading the blog, adding an extra step.
Posting and Commenting
The basic logistics of formatting a blog post are similar among the various blogging platforms. Below is a sample of a typical post.
1. Choose a descriptive blog post title – keep it short.
2. Write your post in the body area. Consider writing your post offline first so you have time to edit, revise and check spelling. Use the “Paste from Word” icon to remove any type of previous formatting. Sometimes Microsoft Word adds extra code that will be hard to edit in your post.
3. You can format your blog with color, bold, italic, numbering, bullets and alignment. Consider using headings and keep your paragraphs short. Insert hyperlinks to connect to other websites and resources.
4. Most blogging platforms will allow you to embed a variety of media: images, audio, video, polls, etc. You can always edit the HTML code directly to embed other media formats.
5. You can “tag” each blog post with a several words to indicate the topic. Separate tags with commas.
6. For a shared class blog, consider creating a category name for each student so you can sort the blogs posts by student name.
7. Publish the blog entry or send it for review.
Encourage your students to maintain high standards of writing since blogs usually have a public audience. Student writing should be organized and written with a strong voice. The work should be edited for spelling, capitalization, punctuation and grammar. Cite any sources used.
Media projects like PowerPoint assignments might need to be uploaded to a file sharing site like www.slideshare.com and then embedded into the blog for viewing.
The type of commenting you want to encourage with a academic or educational blog should be related to the content of the blog post. Blogging is a conversation. Comments in a blog should encourage further discussion and be connected to the author’s point of view. Comments can have a variety of ideas: sharing additional links or resources, making a connection with a new idea, sharing a new perspective or even challenging or debating a topic.
Encourage students to avoid dead-end comments or write something just for the sake of commenting with replies like “good job” or “I like your post”. Teach your students comment starters like:
- This reminds me of ..
- I noticed that you said …
- I would like to know more about …
- I’m not sure that …
Consider gouping your students into “learning circles”. The 4-5 members of the group read and comment on each other’s blogs before the rest of the class. This ensures everyone receives comments – not just some students.
Moderate and approve all comments before allowing them to be published. This prevents inappropriate comments being posted on the blog – especially from spammers. Remember: comments make by classmates are public to everyone. They should be written with proper spelling and grammar too.
Blogging is great opportunity to teach about digital citizenship. Teach students to only first names and refrain from identifying their school or location. Have students use avatars or use creative filters with Photoshop for personal images to protect identities. Encourage students to be kind when commenting and to take blog writing seriously. Remember to write for your intended audience especially if the blog is set to public.
Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms by Will Richardson. Published by Corwin Press, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1412959728
Classroom Blogging by David Warlick. Published by Lulu.com, 2005. ISBN-13: 978-1411629035
SupportBlogging! Website to support and promote an understanding of the benefits of educational blogging. http://www.supportblogging.com/